MOUNDS FOUND ALL OVER THE EARTH
Tumulus: A tumulus (plural tumuli) is a mound of earth and stones raised over a grave or graves. Tumuli are also known as barrows, burial mounds, Hügelgräber or kurgans, and can be found throughout much of the world. A cairn (a mound of stones built for various purposes), might also be originally a tumulus. A long barrow is a long tumulus, usually for numbers of burials. The method of inhumation may involve a dolmen, a cist, a mortuary enclosure, a mortuary house or a chamber tomb.
Mounds: In the archaeology of the United States and Canada, the term “mound” has specific and technical connotations. In this sense, a mound is a deliberately constructed elevated earthen structure or earthwork, intended for a range of potential uses. In European and Asian archaeology, the word “tumulus” may be used as a synonym for an artificial hill, particularly if the hill is related to particular burial customs.
While the term “mound” may be applied to historic constructions, most mounds in the United States are pre-Columbian earthworks, built by Native American peoples. Native Americans built a variety of mounds, including flat-topped pyramids or cones known as platform mounds, rounded cones, and ridge or loaf-shaped mounds. Some mounds took on unusual shapes, such as the outline of cosmologically significant animals. These are known as effigy mounds. Some mounds, such as a few in Wisconsin, have rock formations, or petroforms within them, on them, or near them. (***Wisconsin is signficant as local tribes ancestors reported that they were not the ones mining copper there, but the “white men” who were there first*** .
(Bahrain, 4000-year-old burial mounds) In fact, these mounds were found on an island with people who lived off the sea – classic “originator” characteristic.
What we are left with is the possibility that such structures were being built around the world by a singular group that influenced incoming homo sapiens to imitate and initiate their own builds. The universal language of these “Originators” allowed similarities in early cuneiform writing around the world simultaneously. In fact, in Africa, they found that Heidelbergensis and Neanderthal, who came before homo sapiens in the continent, left tools behind that the homo sapiens borrowed and used. Those two originators also left the continent of Africa about 700,000 years before homo sapiens emerged from Africa to explore the world. What did they do for those 700,000 years??? How about build more knowledge and world exploration that we would cobble onto at a later date? In other words, they did all the hard early learning for us in the evolutionary process.
Source: It is generally agreed that true writing of language (not only numbers) was invented independently in at least two places: Mesopotamia (3200 BCE) and Mesoamerica around 600 BCE… It is debated whether writing systems were developed completely independently in Egypt around 3200 BCE and China around 1200 BCE or whether the appearance of writing in either or both places was due to culture diffusion…. brought by traders or an already-literate civilization!!!! (DING! DING! DING!)